The National Informatics centre (NIC) was set up in March 1977 by the Government
of India. From the genesis of the concept of NIC in 1973 to its nucleation by 1975
and followed by commissioning of NICNET in 1977, it has been a phase of innovation
penetrating through the barriers of conservatism in Govt. Organizations for Computer
based Information System. With the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding with
all the State Governments and with their active support in implementing the computer-communication
network, NICNET, the National Informatics Centre has become a bridge between the
State Governments and the Central Government on the one hand and the State Governments
and their District administrations on the other. In NIC's approach to National Informatics,
therefore, the State Government becomes a focal point with downward coordination
with the District Administrations and upward coordination with the Central Government
Departments. The greatest asset of NIC, today, is its pool of about 3000 well trained
and motivated computer personnel, specialized in informatics, working with dedication
and quietly catalyzing the transformation of work culture in the Ministries/Departments.
The principal objectives of NIC include:
• Development of computer-based information systems in various sectors of the economy
for planning, project monitoring and decision support.
• Promotion of informatics culture at District. State and National Level.
• Improvement of the analytical capability and presentation of information utilised
for National, State and District level planning.
• Development of modelling, forecasting and simulation techniques' that are required
for planning and decision support.
• Establishment of a computer-communication network ensuring ready access of information
across the nation and enabling optimal use of resources.
• Evolving standards for data collection, compilation and dissemination, with the
cooperation of related agencies at District, State and Central levels.
The need for reliable information for decision making requires no emphasis. Already
there exist information sources in sectors like agriculture, power, health, family
welfare, industries, education, employment, labour, transport, communication, forest,
roads, etc., at the district level. Information gets manually validated and consolidated
progressively at the Districts, States and the Centre. This manual process has inherent
delays. Moreover, completeness and accuracy of data is another drawback acknowledged
by the policy/ decision makers. This problem is being overcome by capturing data
at the source by establishing District Informatics Centre.